NaBoCom - Connecting in-body nano communication with body area networks

Institutions

  • TU Berlin
  • University of Lübeck

Team @ TKN

Former Team @ TKN

Funding

  • DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft)

Project Time

  • 08/2020 - 09/2023 (first funding period)
  • 01/2023 - 12/2024 (second funding period)

Description

Research and development on sensor networks and body area networks has gained increased maturity in recent years. Yet, in-body nanonetworks built from nanodevices represent a new and fascinating direction of research, extending upon and going well beyond sensor networks. The vision of these networks is that nanodevices (nanoscale devices), for example, patrol the body, take measurements wherever necessary, and send collected data to the outside. Even better, these machines may immediately work on problems they detect within the body, such as cancer cells, arteriosclerosis, or HI viruses. While the in-body nanonetwork research community is still young, a number of concepts has already been presented on how to organize the communication in such networks. Even though these have not been realized in large-scale experiments or applications yet, it now makes sense to start research in a broader spectrum, looking both at techniques to bring nano communications to the real world and at further aspects such as higher-level protocols, algorithmic issues, as well as applications. In this proposal, we are looking at biomedical applications with a focus on the necessary integration of in-body nano communication with out-of-body IT infrastructures, resulting in the so-called Internet of Nano Things (IoNT). It has three major objectives: First, as a technical base for further research, we plan to design a reference architecture for the IoNT, specifically looking at connecting in-body nanonetworks to body area networks and further IT infrastructures. Secondly, we want to achieve first research results focusing on important base technologies for IoNT, particularly naming and addressing, reliability and real-time capabilities, and finally localization. Finally, since real-world experimentation in nano communication is still far from becoming reality, but we still need to evaluate our results (and those of others), we will develop a simulator, which allows to simulate numerous scenarios including body area networks and in-body nanonetworks. We explicitly focus our ambitions on more abstract problems, which greatly benefit from previous works in computer science and networking rather than reinventing signal processing.

Selected Publications

  1. Jorge Torres Gómez, Jorge Luis González Rios and Falko Dressler, "Electric Circuit Representation of the Human Circulatory System to Estimate the Position of Nanosensors in Vessels," Elsevier Nano Communication Networks, vol. 40, pp. 100499, July 2024. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  2. Jorge Torres Gómez, Jennifer Simonjan, Johan Engstrand, Sergi Abadal, Robin Augustine, Thiemo Voigt and Falko Dressler, "Mobility Matters at Nanoscale: Rendering the Received Terahertz Signal Power in Human Blood Vessels," Proceedings of 7th IEEE International Balkan Conference Communications and Networking (BalkanCom 2024), Ljubljana, Slovenia, June 2024. (to appear) [BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  3. Jorge Torres Gómez, Jennifer Simonjan and Falko Dressler, "Low-Complex Synchronization Method for Intra-Body Links in the Terahertz Band," IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, May 2024. (online first) [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  4. Saswati Pal, Jorge Torres Gómez, Regine Wendt, Stefan Fischer and Falko Dressler, "Age of Information-based Abnormality Detection with Decay in the Human Circulatory System," Proceedings of 8th Workshop on Molecular Communications (WMC 2024), Oslo, Norway, April 2024. [BibTeX, Details...]
  5. Lisa Y. Debus, Pit Hofmann, Jorge Torres Gómez, Frank H. P. Fitzek and Falko Dressler, "Synchronized Relaying in Molecular Communication: An AI-based Approach using a Mobile Testbed Setup," Proceedings of 8th Workshop on Molecular Communications (WMC 2024), Oslo, Norway, April 2024. [BibTeX, Details...]
  6. Saswati Pal, Jorge Torres Gómez and Falko Dressler, "Impact of Gateway Placement on Cancer Detection in Blood Vessels," Proceedings of VDE Workshop Biosignals, Göttingen, Germany, February 2024. [BibTeX, Details...]
  7. Lisa Y. Debus, Pit Hofmann, Jorge Torres Gómez, Frank H. P. Fitzek and Falko Dressler, "Reinforcement Learning-based Receiver for Molecular Communication with Mobility," Proceedings of VDE Workshop Biosignals, Göttingen, Germany, February 2024. [BibTeX, Details...]
  8. Lisa Y. Debus, Pit Hofmann, Jorge Torres Gómez, Frank H. P. Fitzek and Falko Dressler, "Reinforcement Learning-based Receiver for Molecular Communication with Mobility," Proceedings of IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM 2023), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, December 2023, pp. 558–564. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  9. Jorge Torres Gómez, Nicolai Spicher, Jorge Luis González Rios and Falko Dressler, "Fine-tune Circuit Representation of Human Vessels through Reinforcement Learning: A Novel Digital Twin Approach for Hemodynamics," Proceedings of 10th ACM International Conference on Nanoscale Computing and Communication (NANOCOM 2023), Coventry, United Kingdom, September 2023, pp. 46–52. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  10. Rebecca Corinna Pampu, Lukas Stratmann, Jorge Torres Gómez and Falko Dressler, "Decoding Multiple Interfering Signals in a Macroscopic Air-based Molecular Communication System," Proceedings of 10th ACM International Conference on Nanoscale Computing and Communication (NANOCOM 2023), Coventry, United Kingdom, September 2023, pp. 116–121. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  11. Jorge Torres Gómez, Jennifer Simonjan, Josep Miquel Jornet and Falko Dressler, "Optimizing Terahertz Communication Between Nanosensors in the Human Cardiovascular System and External Gateways," IEEE Communications Letters, vol. 27 (9), pp. 2318–2322, September 2023. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  12. Jorge Torres Gómez, Pit Hofmann, Frank H. P. Fitzek and Falko Dressler, "Explainability of Neural Networks for Symbol Detection in Molecular Communication Channels," IEEE Transactions on Molecular, Biological and Multi-Scale Communications, vol. 9 (3), pp. 323–328, September 2023. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  13. Jorge Torres Gómez, Joana Angjo and Falko Dressler, "Age of Information-based Performance of Ultrasonic Communication Channels for Nanosensor-to-Gateway Communication," IEEE Transactions on Molecular, Biological and Multi-Scale Communications, vol. 9 (2), pp. 112–123, June 2023. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  14. Jorge Torres Gómez, Pit Hofmann, Frank H. P. Fitzek and Falko Dressler, "Explainability of Neural Networks for Symbol Detection in Molecular Communication Channels," Proceedings of 7th Workshop on Molecular Communications (WMC 2023), Erlangen, Germany, April 2023. [BibTeX, Details...]
  15. Arnau Brosa López, Filip Lemic, Jakob Struye, Jorge Torres Gómez, Esteban Municio, Carmen Delgado, Gerard Calvo Bartra, Falko Dressler, Eduard Alarcón, Jeroen Famaey, Sergi Abadal and Xavier Costa-Pérez, "Toward Standardized Performance Evaluation of Flow-guided Nanoscale Localization," arXiv, cs.NI, 2303.07804, March 2023. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  16. Jorge Torres Gómez, Anke Kuestner, Lukas Stratmann and Falko Dressler, "Modeling Ultrasonic Channels with Mobility for Gateway to In-Body Nanocommunication," Proceedings of IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM 2022), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, December 2022, pp. 4535–4540. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  17. Jorge Torres Gómez, Jorge Luis González Rios and Falko Dressler, "Nanosensor Location in the Human Circulatory System based on Electric Circuit Representation of Vessels," Proceedings of 9th ACM International Conference on Nanoscale Computing and Communication (NANOCOM 2022), Barcelona, Spain, October 2022, pp. 1–7. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  18. Jorge Torres Gómez, Anke Kuestner, Jennifer Simonjan, Bige Deniz Unluturk and Falko Dressler, "Nanosensor Location Estimation in the Human Circulatory System using Machine Learning," IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, vol. 21, pp. 663–673, October 2022. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  19. Jorge Torres Gómez, Jorge Luis González Rios and Falko Dressler, "Digital Simulator of the Human Arteries," Proceedings of European Wireless (EW 2022), Dresden, Germany, September 2022. [BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  20. Jorge Torres Gómez, Ketki Pitke, Lukas Stratmann and Falko Dressler, "Age of Information in Molecular Communication Channels," Elsevier Digital Signal Processing, Special Issue on Molecular Communication, vol. 124, pp. 103108, May 2022. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  21. Jorge Torres Gómez, Anke Kuestner, Ketki Pitke, Jennifer Simonjan, Bige Deniz Unluturk and Falko Dressler, "A Machine Learning Approach for Abnormality Detection in Blood Vessels via Mobile Nanosensors," Proceedings of 19th ACM Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems (SenSys 2021), 2nd ACM International Workshop on Nanoscale Computing, Communication, and Applications (NanoCoCoA 2021), Coimbra, Portugal, November 2021, pp. 596–602. Best Paper Award [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  22. Jorge Torres Gómez, Regine Wendt, Anke Kuestner, Ketki Pitke, Lukas Stratmann and Falko Dressler, "Markov Model for the Flow of Nanobots in the Human Circulatory System," Proceedings of 8th ACM International Conference on Nanoscale Computing and Communication (NANOCOM 2021), Virtual Conference, September 2021, pp. 5:1–5:7. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  23. Anke Kuestner, Ketki Pitke, Jorge Torres Gómez, Regine Wendt, Stefan Fischer and Falko Dressler, "Age of Information in In-Body Nano Communication Networks," Proceedings of 8th ACM International Conference on Nanoscale Computing and Communication (NANOCOM 2021), Virtual Conference, September 2021, pp. 27:1–27:2. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  24. Anke Kuestner, Lukas Stratmann, Regine Wendt, Stefan Fischer and Falko Dressler, "A Simulation Framework for Connecting In-Body Nano Communication with Out-of-Body Devices," Proceedings of 7th ACM International Conference on Nanoscale Computing and Communication (NANOCOM 2020), Virtual Conference, September 2020. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  25. Fabian Bronner and Falko Dressler, "Towards Mastering Complex Particle Movement and Tracking in Molecular Communication Simulation," Proceedings of 6th ACM International Conference on Nanoscale Computing and Communication (NANOCOM 2019), Poster Session, Dublin, Ireland, September 2019, pp. 36:1–36:2. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  26. Marc Stelzner, Falko Dressler and Stefan Fischer, "Function Centric Nano-Networking: Addressing Nano Machines in a Medical Application Scenario," Elsevier Nano Communication Networks, vol. 14, pp. 29–39, December 2017. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  27. Marc Stelzner, Falko Dressler and Stefan Fischer, "Function Centric Networking: an Approach for Addressing in In-Body Nano Networks," Proceedings of 3rd ACM International Conference on Nanoscale Computing and Communication (NANOCOM 2016), New York City, NY, September 2016. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  28. Falko Dressler and Stefan Fischer, "Connecting In-Body Nano Communication with Body Area Networks: Challenges and Opportunities of the Internet of Nano Things," Elsevier Nano Communication Networks, vol. 6, pp. 29–38, June 2015. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
Last modified: 2023-10-07