Personal website of

Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Falko Dressler

BioNeting - Bio-inspired Networking


  • Computer Networks and Communication Systems, University of Erlangen




  • internal project
  • supported by DAAD grant "Self-organization of SN-MRS systems"


  • Dr. Bettina Krüger, Dept. of Cellular and Molecular Physiology, University of Erlangen

Project Time

  • 01.05.2004 - 31.12.2008


Besides to classical research area of bioinformatics, the turn to nature for solutions to technological questions has brought us many unforeseen great concepts. This encouraging course seems to hold on for many aspects in technology. Many efforts were made in the area of computer technology employing mechanisms known from biological systems. The most known examples are evolutionary algorithms and the artificial immune system. One application is in network security, e.g. for the search for viruses and worms, where the immune system was used as an inspiration.
In contrast, the focus of our group lays on trying to map the cellular and molecular biology to networking architectures. Recently, it was shown that the known approaches to study effects in computer networking, especially methods to analyze the behavior of large scale networks suffer from many presumptions. We try to study this behavior by analyzing the internal functioning of network components as well as there interactions in comparison with cellular systems and the associated intra and extra cellular signaling pathways.
The main focus of this work is to show the similarities of computer networks and cellular systems. Based on the knowledge about cellular metabolism, new concepts for the behavior patterns of routers, monitor systems, and firewalls can be deduced and the efficiency of individual sub-systems can be increased. Focusing on examples of hot topics in the computer society, i.e. network security, potential solutions motivated by cellular behavior are currently studied and, hopefully, will soon bring new results in these areas.
Independently from these examinations, we try to show the power of our novel approach by introducing the basic mechanisms and interactions as well as a self-evident application. Doing this, we must keep in mind that the deeper the parallels between biology and technology, the more important it is to map the corresponding elements correctly.
Positive and negative feedback are the primary coordination mechanisms in biogical self-organization. Similar methodologies can be identified, analyzed, and used in communication networks. One example is the utilization of positive feedback for communications over unreliable networks. The negative feedback can be adapted, e.g. for congestion control mechanisms.

Selected Publications

  • Falko Dressler, Isabel Dietrich, Reinhard German and Bettina Krueger, "A Rule-based System for Programming Self-Organized Sensor and Actor Networks," Elsevier Computer Networks, vol. 53 (10), pp. 1737–1750, July 2009. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF, More details]
  • Falko Dressler, "Bio-inspired Feedback Loops for Self-Organized Event Detection in SANETs," Proceedings of 3rd IEEE/IFIP International Workshop on Self-Organizing Systems (IWSOS 2008), vol. LNCS 5343, Vienna, Austria, December 2008, pp. 256–261. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF, More details]
  • Falko Dressler, "Self-Organized Event Detection in Sensor Networks using Bio-inspired Promoters and Inhibitors," Proceedings of 3rd ACM/ICST International Conference on Bio-Inspired Models of Network, Information and Computing Systems (BIONETICS 2008), Hyogo, Japan, November 2008. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF, More details]
  • Falko Dressler, "Bio-Inspired Networking - Self-organizing Networked Embedded Systems," in Organic Computing, Rolf P. Würtz (Ed.), Springer, 2008, pp. 285–302. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF, More details]
  • Falko Dressler, Self-Organization in Sensor and Actor Networks, Chichester, United Kingdom, John Wiley & Sons (Wiley), 2007. [DOI, BibTeX, More details]
  • Falko Dressler, "Bio-inspired Network-centric Operation and Control for Sensor/Actuator Networks," in Springer Transactions on Computational Systems Biology VIII, vol. LNCS 4780, Corrado Priami (Ed.), Springer, 2007, pp. 1–13. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF, More details]
  • Falko Dressler, Isabel Dietrich, Reinhard German and Bettina Krueger, "Efficient Operation in Sensor and Actor Networks Inspired by Cellular Signaling Cascades," Proceedings of 1st ACM/ICST International Conference on Autonomic Computing and Communication Systems (Autonomics 2007), Rome, Italy, October 2007. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF, More details]
  • Falko Dressler, Reinhard German and Bettina Krueger, "Adaptive Data Dissemination in Sensor Networks using WPDD," Proceedings of IEEE Frontiers in the Convergence of Bioscience and Information Technologies (FBIT 2007), Jeju City, South Korea, October 2007, pp. 827–832. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF, More details]
  • Falko Dressler and Iacopo Carreras (Eds.), Advances in Biologically Inspired Information Systems - Models, Methods, and Tools, Studies in Computational Intelligence (SCI), vol. 69, Springer, 2007. [BibTeX, More details]
  • Thomas Halva Labella and Falko Dressler, "A Bio-Inspired Architecture for Division of Labour in SANETs," Proceedings of 1st IEEE/ACM International Conference on Bio-Inspired Models of Network, Information and Computing Systems (BIONETICS 2006), Cavalese, Italy, December 2006. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF, More details]
  • Falko Dressler, Bettina Krueger, Gerhard Fuchs and Reinhard German, "Self-Organization in Sensor Networks using Bio-Inspired Mechanisms," Proceedings of 18th ACM/GI/ITG International Conference on Architecture of Computing Systems - System Aspects in Organic and Pervasive Computing (ARCS 2005): Workshop Self-Organization and Emergence, Innsbruck, Austria, March 2005, pp. 139–144. [BibTeX, PDF, More details]
Last modified: 2023-10-07