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Simon P. Ripperger, Gerald G. Carter, Rachel A. Page, Niklas Duda, Alexander Koelpin, Robert Weigel, Markus Hartmann, Thorsten Nowak, Joern Thielecke, Michael Schadhauser, Joerg Robert, Sebastian Herbst, Klaus Meyer-Wegener, Peter Waegemann, Wolfgang Schroeder-Preikschat, Bjoern Cassens, Ruediger Kapitza, Falko Dressler and Frieder Mayer, "Thinking small: next-generation sensor networks close the size gap in vertebrate biologging," bioRxiv, Preprint, 767749, September 2019.


Recent advances in animal tracking technology have ushered in a new era in biologging. However, the considerable size of sophisticated biologging devices restricts their application to larger animals, while old-fashioned techniques still represent the state-of-the-art for studying small vertebrates. In industrial applications, low-power wireless sensor networks fulfill requirements similar to those needed to monitor animal behavior at high resolution and at low tag weight. We created a wireless biologging network (WBN), which enables simultaneous direct proximity sensing, high-resolution tracking and long-range remote data download at tag weights of one to two grams. Deployments to study wild bats created data of unprecedented quality and demonstrate the high potential of WBNs for studying (social) behavior. Our developments highlight the vast capabilities of WBNs and their potential to close an important gap in biologging: fully automated tracking and proximity sensing of small animals, even in closed habitats, at high spatial and temporal resolution.

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Simon P. Ripperger
Gerald G. Carter
Rachel A. Page
Niklas Duda
Alexander Koelpin
Robert Weigel
Markus Hartmann
Thorsten Nowak
Joern Thielecke
Michael Schadhauser
Joerg Robert
Sebastian Herbst
Klaus Meyer-Wegener
Peter Waegemann
Wolfgang Schroeder-Preikschat
Bjoern Cassens
Ruediger Kapitza
Falko Dressler
Frieder Mayer

BibTeX reference

    author = {Ripperger, Simon P. and Carter, Gerald G. and Page, Rachel A. and Duda, Niklas and Koelpin, Alexander and Weigel, Robert and Hartmann, Markus and Nowak, Thorsten and Thielecke, Joern and Schadhauser, Michael and Robert, Joerg and Herbst, Sebastian and Meyer-Wegener, Klaus and Waegemann, Peter and Schroeder-Preikschat, Wolfgang and Cassens, Bjoern and Kapitza, Ruediger and Dressler, Falko and Mayer, Frieder},
    doi = {10.1101/767749},
    title = {{Thinking small: next-generation sensor networks close the size gap in vertebrate biologging}},
    institution = {bioRxiv},
    month = {9},
    number = {767749},
    type = {Preprint},
    year = {2019},

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