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Christoph Sommer, David Eckhoff, Reinhard German and Falko Dressler, "A Computationally Inexpensive Empirical Model of IEEE 802.11p Radio Shadowing in Urban Environments," Department of Computer Science, Friedrich–Alexander University of Erlangen–Nuremberg (FAU), Technical Report, CS-2010-06, September 2010.


We present a realistic, yet computationally inexpensive simulation model for IEEE 802.11p radio shadowing in urban environments. Based on real world measurements using IEEE 802.11p/DSRC devices, we estimated the effect that buildings and other obstacles have on the radio communication between vehicles. Especially for evaluating safety applications in the field of Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs), stochastic models are not sufficient for evaluating the radio communication in simulation. Motivated by similar work on WiFi measurements, we therefore created an empirical model for modeling buildings and their properties to accurately simulate the signal propagation. We validated our model using real world measurements in a city scenario for different types of obstacles. Our simulation results show a very high accuracy when compared with the measurement results, while only requiring a marginal overhead in terms of computational complexity.

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Christoph Sommer
David Eckhoff
Reinhard German
Falko Dressler

BibTeX reference

    author = {Sommer, Christoph and Eckhoff, David and German, Reinhard and Dressler, Falko},
    title = {{A Computationally Inexpensive Empirical Model of IEEE 802.11p Radio Shadowing in Urban Environments}},
    institution = {Department of Computer Science, Friedrich--Alexander University of Erlangen--Nuremberg (FAU)},
    location = {Erlangen, Germany},
    month = {9},
    number = {CS-2010-06},
    type = {Technical Report},
    year = {2010},

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