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Kai Li, Yingping Cui, Weicai Li, Tiejun Lv, Xin Yuan, Shenghong Li, Wei Ni, Meryem Simsek and Falko Dressler, "When Internet of Things meets Metaverse: Convergence of Physical and Cyber Worlds," IEEE Internet of Things Journal, vol. 10 (5), pp. 4148–4173, March 2023.


In recent years, the Internet of Things (IoT) has been studied in the context of the Metaverse to provide users with immersive cyber-virtual experiences in mixed-reality environments. This survey introduces six typical IoT applications in the Metaverse, including collaborative healthcare, education, smart city, entertainment, real estate, and socialization. In the IoT-inspired Metaverse, we also comprehensively survey four pillar technologies that enable augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR), namely, responsible artificial intelligence (AI), high-speed data communications, cost-effective mobile edge computing (MEC), and digital twins. According to the physical-world demands, we outline the current industrial efforts and seven key requirements for building the IoT-inspired Metaverse: immersion, variety, economy, civility, interactivity, authenticity, and independence. In addition, this survey describes the open issues in the IoT-inspired Metaverse, which need to be addressed to eventually achieve the convergence of physical and cyber worlds.

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Kai Li
Yingping Cui
Weicai Li
Tiejun Lv
Xin Yuan
Shenghong Li
Wei Ni
Meryem Simsek
Falko Dressler

BibTeX reference

    author = {Li, Kai and Cui, Yingping and Li, Weicai and Lv, Tiejun and Yuan, Xin and Li, Shenghong and Ni, Wei and Simsek, Meryem and Dressler, Falko},
    doi = {10.1109/JIOT.2022.3232845},
    title = {{When Internet of Things meets Metaverse: Convergence of Physical and Cyber Worlds}},
    pages = {4148--4173},
    journal = {IEEE Internet of Things Journal},
    issn = {2327-4662},
    publisher = {IEEE},
    month = {3},
    number = {5},
    volume = {10},
    year = {2023},

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Last modified: 2024-06-15