Literature Database Entry


Sunasheer Bhattacharjee, Martin Damrath, Lukas Stratmann, Peter Adam Hoeher and Falko Dressler, "Digital Communication Techniques in Macroscopic Air-Based Molecular Communication," IEEE Transactions on Molecular, Biological and Multi-Scale Communications, vol. 8 (4), pp. 276–291, December 2022.


An air-based macroscopic molecular communication testbed exploiting fluorescence properties of water-based solutions of Uranine and Rhodamine 6G dyes is presented in this work. The testbed comprises of an industrial sprayer as its transmitter, a 2 m long tube as the transmission channel, and a high-speed camera-based detector. The considered transmission distances cover a range over several tens of centimeters to meters. The analytical end-to-end system model is extended to include the noise model in this work. Various modulation schemes exploiting the concentration levels of the sprayed dyes as the information source have been implemented and their performances are compared to the standard on-off keying. Spatial domain, along with the concentration of the dyes has been introduced as an additional degree of freedom into the testbed to improve the bit rate, and the performance is compared with respect to those modulation schemes using color and concentration levels of the dyes as degrees of freedom. Various equalization techniques and detection algorithms have also been implemented and compared. All comparative analyses are performed with respect to the measurements obtained from the testbed, the analytical models, and the particle-based Pogona simulator.

Quick access

Original Version DOI (at publishers web site)
Authors' Version PDF (PDF on this web site)
BibTeX BibTeX


Sunasheer Bhattacharjee
Martin Damrath
Lukas Stratmann
Peter Adam Hoeher
Falko Dressler

BibTeX reference

    author = {Bhattacharjee, Sunasheer and Damrath, Martin and Stratmann, Lukas and Hoeher, Peter Adam and Dressler, Falko},
    doi = {10.1109/TMBMC.2022.3220109},
    title = {{Digital Communication Techniques in Macroscopic Air-Based Molecular Communication}},
    pages = {276--291},
    journal = {IEEE Transactions on Molecular, Biological and Multi-Scale Communications},
    issn = {2332-7804},
    publisher = {IEEE},
    month = {12},
    number = {4},
    volume = {8},
    year = {2022},

Copyright notice

Links to final or draft versions of papers are presented here to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted or distributed for commercial purposes without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.

The following applies to all papers listed above that have IEEE copyrights: Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.

The following applies to all papers listed above that are in submission to IEEE conference/workshop proceedings or journals: This work has been submitted to the IEEE for possible publication. Copyright may be transferred without notice, after which this version may no longer be accessible.

The following applies to all papers listed above that have ACM copyrights: ACM COPYRIGHT NOTICE. Permission to make digital or hard copies of part or all of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. Copyrights for components of this work owned by others than ACM must be honored. Abstracting with credit is permitted. To copy otherwise, to republish, to post on servers, or to redistribute to lists, requires prior specific permission and/or a fee. Request permissions from Publications Dept., ACM, Inc., fax +1 (212) 869-0481, or

The following applies to all SpringerLink papers listed above that have Springer Science+Business Media copyrights: The original publication is available at

This page was automatically generated using BibDB and bib2web.

Last modified: 2024-07-16