Literature Database Entry

polese2024empowering


Michele Polese, Mischa Dohler, Falko Dressler, Melike Erol-Kantarci, Rittwik Jana, Raymond Knopp and Tommaso Melodia, "Empowering the 6G Cellular Architecture with Open RAN," IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 42 (2), pp. 245–262, February 2024.


Abstract

Innovation and standardization in 5G have brought advancements to every facet of the cellular architecture. This ranges from the introduction of new frequency bands and signaling technologies for the radio access network (RAN), to a core network underpinned by micro-services and network function virtualization (NFV). However, like any emerging technology, the pace of real-world deployments does not instantly match the pace of innovation. To address this discrepancy, one of the key aspects under continuous development is the RAN with the aim of making it more open, adaptive, functional, and easy to manage. In this paper, we highlight the transformative potential of embracing novel cellular architectures by transitioning from conventional systems to the progressive principles of Open RAN. This promises to make 6G networks more agile, cost-effective, energy-efficient, and resilient. It opens up a plethora of novel use cases, ranging from ubiquitous support for autonomous devices to cost-effective expansions in regions previously underserved. The principles of Open RAN encompass: (i) a disaggregated architecture with modular and standardized interfaces; (ii) cloudification, programmability and orchestration; and (iii) AI-enabled data-centric closed-loop control and automation. We first discuss the transformative role Open RAN principles have played in the 5G era. Then, we adopt a system-level approach and describe how these Open RAN principles will support 6G RAN and architecture innovation. We qualitatively discuss potential performance gains that Open RAN principles yield for specific 6G use cases. For each principle, we outline the steps that research, development and standardization communities ought to take to make Open RAN principles central to next-generation cellular network designs.

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Michele Polese
Mischa Dohler
Falko Dressler
Melike Erol-Kantarci
Rittwik Jana
Raymond Knopp
Tommaso Melodia

BibTeX reference

@article{polese2024empowering,
    author = {Polese, Michele and Dohler, Mischa and Dressler, Falko and Erol-Kantarci, Melike and Jana, Rittwik and Knopp, Raymond and Melodia, Tommaso},
    doi = {10.1109/JSAC.2023.3334610},
    title = {{Empowering the 6G Cellular Architecture with Open RAN}},
    pages = {245--262},
    journal = {IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications},
    issn = {0733-8716},
    publisher = {IEEE},
    month = {2},
    number = {2},
    volume = {42},
    year = {2024},
   }
   
   

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Last modified: 2024-06-13