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Falko Dressler and Claudio Ettore Casetti, "Inter-Vehicular Communication: Standards, Protocol Design, and Integrated Security Metrics," Tutorial, 75th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC 2012-Spring), Yokohama, Japan, May 06, 2012.


Much progress can be observed in the domain of Inter-Vehicular Communication, looking back at the last decade. In this growing community, many ongoing activities focus on the design on communication protocols to support safety application, intelligent navigation, multi-player gaming and other. Very large projects have been initiated to validate the theoretic work in field tests and protocols are being standardized. With the increasing interest from industry, security and privacy become key aspects in the stage of protocol design in order to support a smooth and carefully planned roll-out. Researchers from academia and industry recently met at an international Dagstuhl seminar to discuss open research challenges as well as open issues related to market-oriented design. In a first introductory section, we discuss the need for IVC solutions in different application scenarios. We investigate the requirements ranging from traffic information systems to safety applications with real-time communication constraints. Typical IVC approaches are introduced including VANETs, infrastructure-based, and centralized 3/4G solutions. Emphasis is laid on the most recent standardization activities in the DSRC/WAVE context. We continue to discuss relevant protocols and communication principles to provide detailed information on which communication methods can be applied and how IVC protocols are developed. We study ad hoc routing approaches and their limitations to cover wide areas and the routing overhead in urban scenarios as well as recent geographical routing and broadcast-based data dissemination techniques. The main focus, however, will be on recently developed beaconing approaches and store-carry-forward solutions known from delay-tolerant networking that can easily be built upon the IEEE 802.11p protocol standard. The second part of the tutorial will focus on Secure IVC. Relying on broadcast transmissions, IVC solutions are exposed to multiple threats. Attacks are not easily prevented because of the ephemeral nature of IVC links and the constant movement of vehicles, as well as by the stringent timing requirements of IVC applications. We will discuss the vulnerabilities of IVC solutions in terms of identity management, message authentication/protection/consistency, privacy protection and in-vehicle security. For each of the above issues, we will review the main security architectures proposed in the scientific literature, in standards (such as the IEEE P1609.2) and in the context of European Projects. This overview will provide attendees with the state of the art as well as the open challenges in the field of secure IVC.

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Falko Dressler
Claudio Ettore Casetti

BibTeX reference

    author = {Dressler, Falko and Casetti, Claudio Ettore},
    title = {{Inter-Vehicular Communication: Standards, Protocol Design, and Integrated Security Metrics}},
    howpublished = {Tutorial},
    publisher = {75th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC 2012-Spring)},
    location = {Yokohama, Japan},
    day = {06},
    month = {05},
    year = {2012},

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